The EU Democracy Promotion in Tunisia
The European Union not only devote itself in becoming a reference point for the countries in its next proximity, but also reaching out to the most disadvantaged countries in the world. In the light of the Arab Spring, the EU was confronted with an unsecured neighbourhood, but as well with a real possibility of guiding the newly states in their transition towards a democratic system. The paper analyses the extent to which the EU is contributing to anchor the democratic transition in a particular country after the Arab uprisings, namely Tunisia. The Tunisian case provides a unique opportunity to explore the foreign policies of the EU, examine how the Union assessed the uprisings in Tunisia and which goals and instruments EU pursued toward the country. The analysed EU anchors of democracy, specifically democracy assistance and political dialogue, provided support for the main argument that the EU is one of the most important pillars in the Tunisian successful outcome of the transition period. The attention was focused on two relevant domains: the Tunisian security sector reform and the electoral system, both used in the current paper to assess the impact of EU's anchors of democracy. Altogether, the study represents an attempt to bring further understanding of the EU’s active engagement after the Arab Spring. The insights obtained regarding the security sector reform and mainly the 2011 and 2014 election, confirmed the EU’s positive involvement in the Tunisian democratic process.