Present stage of Urbanization in Pakistan: Some Features and Problems
Specific features of urbanization in Pakistan and the rapid growth of cities, towns and urban periphery are analyzed in the article. Moreover, socio-economic problems like urban poverty, unemployment, growth of employment in the informal sector, lack of modern amenities and low standard of living are also discussed. The author singles out two periods in the history of urbanization in Pakistan, the first starting with the creation of the state till the 1970s-1980s and the second, from that time to the present. The driving force behind urbanization at the first stage was modernization, based on industrialization, while at the second the root feature lies in the agglomeration of the population inside the boundaries of cities, townships and in the urban periphery. Policy of the state and certain international repercussions are discussed in the conclusion.