Cyber Bullying Victimization: Perceptions and Experiences among University Students
Present study was aimed to explore the phenomenon of cyber bullying victimization among university students. It has twofold objectives i.e; to prepare and validate indigenous instruments and to study the experiences and perceptions of cyber bullying victimization among university students. For this purpose, sample (N=223) of students age 18-30 years was collected from different private and government sector universities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Study was done in two phases. In phase I instruments were developed and validated. Instruments used were Cyber Bullying Victimization Questionnaire (CBVQ) developed by Campfield (2008), adapted in present study to measure prevalence, experiences and bother so meness about cyber bullying whereas; Perception of Cyber Bullying Questionnaire (PCBQ) developed indigenously in present study. CBVQ was emerged with two factors through Principle Component Analysis (PCA) found reliability coefficient as .94. PCBQ emerged with two factor found reliability coefficient ranging from .72 to .82. Psychometrics of scales were established. Gender difference was explored. Results indicated that 88.6% university students engaged in cyber bullying. It was found that cyber bullying is more prevalent among male university students and they scored high on cyber bullying experiences. Female students scored high on perception about reasons and remedies of cyber bullying. These measures will be helpful to give quantitative assessment in future for measuring cyber bullying experiences and perception of cyber bullying among university students. The findings may be utilized to develop plans to deal with cyber bullying issue.