Review of Natural Hazards and Disasters and their Impacts in Pakistan
This study presents a brief review of natural hazards and disasters in Pakistan. The main focus of this study is two natural phenomena i.e., floods and earthquakes. Pakistan lies in geographically hazard prone area. The global climatic changes and tectonics setting of Pakistan makes it vulnerable to natural hazards and disasters. Floods and earthquakes are natural and recurrent phenomenon. Floods caused approximately USD 38 billion in Pakistan during the last 67 years. The causes and impacts of floods and earthquakes frequently occurring in Pakistan are briefly discussed. These events result in fatalities and monetary damage. It’s need of hour to make pre disaster and post disaster mitigation strategies and policies at local and national level. Recommendations have been made to ensure safety of public as well as infrastructure to prevent huge losses in the future.