Indian State Sponsored Terrorism and Illegal Interventions: A Case Study of South Asia
Terrorism has been posing a serious threat to the national security of countries since the dawn of the 21st century. Political instability, economic disparity and social injustice in a state cause displeasure among masses. The South Asian countries, owing to ethno-religious divisions, economic backwardness and political instability, are prone to internal conflicts and tensions. India, being the powerful neighbour, has been exploiting these fault lines of its neighbouring states to extract various benefits since its inception. India, through its Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), has long been meddling into the internal affairs of several neighbouring countries such as Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives etc. through either forming or supporting various terrorist groups. This paper examines the Indian intervention into the domestic affairs of other countries through RAW’s covert operations in the light of Kautilya’s The Arthashastra. It is argued that larger countries should not be allowed to oppress the smaller states by orchestrating problems and then appearing as the only conflict resolvers to fulfil their hegemonic objectives. Finally, the paper argues that if corrective measures are not taken to curb the illicit activities of RAW, the regional peace and stability will remain endangered.