Ideological Similarities of Allama Iqbal and Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
The article aims to explore the ideological similarities between Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Allama Muhammad Iqbal as well as their ideological conversion from Indian nationalism to Muslim nationalism. In his address at Aligarh, 1901, Iqbal made it very clear that the element of Islamic thought in Muslim nationalism is unique among other nationalities in which tauheed (Oneness) is the central variable. Lucknow Pact was completely rejected in Nehru Report as well as the idea of a separate electorate. Provincial Congress governments were established in 1937. Hindu-Muslim riots, Wardha Scheme of Education and Vande Mataram had badly exposed Hindu mentality over Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The article concludes that there is perfect harmony between the views of Iqbal and the statements of Quaid. All the statements that belong to Jinnah after ideological conversion are in complete concordance with the views of Iqbal.