Maritime Security Cooperation in Indian Ocean Region: Challenges and Opportunities
The significance of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) is very unique in itself as it is the region having numerous civilizations. The history of this region is as old as the human itself. IOR is the economic sea region and faces grave challenges which would be only tackled with fully cooperative mechanism under the collaboration of leadership of the regional states. This research investigates the core maritime security challenges in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) and analyses how these challenges are handled by the regional cooperation infrastructure. The security challenges which this region confronted include piracy, human trafficking, smuggling, terrorism and the most important among all is environmental threat. To tackle the mentioned challenges, the regional cooperation organizations are putting efforts toward stability in the region for beneficial purposes. Due to diversity in the region, diverse opinions for policy-making in terms of cooperation are challenging. This diversity also highlights the future of this region as a cooperative economic region.