Electronic Voting Keeping in View the Democratic Principles
Voting has traditionally been performed by casting paper ballots in public polling places. However, advancements in computer technology in the latest decades have enabled voters to cast their votes electronically. By 2016, eleven different countries have made various trials enabling voters to cast votes on the internet using personal devices. Internet voting has become a considerable topic of discussion in the scientific community, with regard to both technology and democracy. Any election is required to preserve a certain set of democratic principles. Consequently, allowing internet voting is prone to numerous challenges which must be addressed. This paper explores that nations where trust in the government is limited, election experts should consider whether internet voting with end-to-end verifiability can preserve the integrity of election results and increase public confidence. Additionally, nations making trials with internet voting should investigate the possibilities of using recent technological advancements like blockchain in internet voting systems.